Bishnupur Gharana is one of the most significant and important genres in Indian Classical Music. Founded about two hundred years back, on the age-old tradition of Indian guru-shisya parampara, Bishnupur Gharana is the only gharana from Bengal. In the 18th century, Bishnupur was the capital of the Hindu kingdom, now it belongs to the district Bankura in the state of West Bengal, India.
Bishnupur was then a flourishing kingdom under the second Mallaraj Raghunath Singh, who was a great patron of music.Situstion in Delhi and the northern states of India were not at all conducive resulting the music Maestros started migrating to different parts of India. Many of them came to Bishnupur. Bahadur Khan, a descendent of the legendary Tansen, was one of them. He became the court singer. The common man was also part of this budding musical scenario and the Maestros started accepting students. Two students emerged as the most promising ones: Gadadhar Chatraborty and Ramshankar Bhattacharya. In the subsequent years Ramshankar Bhattacharya proved himself to be an outstanding student and eventually established a vocal style that was distinctly his own. This vocal style spread across Bishnupur and came to be known as the Bishnupur Gharana.
Except Vocal Music in Bishnupur Gharana there were Sitar, Surbahar, Esraj, Tabla, Jal Tarang, Nyas Tarang, Nouka Tarang.
Bahadur Khan came in the time when Mallaraj Second Raghunath was ruling and he used to get paid Rs 500 per month. He wrote “Sarbogunonithan Maharaj Raghunath” in Raaga Sahana in Choutal. Gadadhar Chakraborty was his disciple and Krishnamohan was disciple of Gadadhar Chakraborty. After that there was no ruler. So from this we can come to the conclusion that Gadathar was not the pioneer of Bishnupur Gharana.
Ramshankar Bhattachariya who was admired as Dhrupad guru in Bishnupur, started his journey in 1780-81.